On January 2nd, 2013, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that specific immediate relatives of U.S. citizens may apply for provisional unlawful presence waivers before departing the U.S. to attend their immigrant visa interview abroad. To receive a provisional unlawful presence waiver, the immediate relatives must be present in the U.S. and in the process of seeking an immigrant visa with the Department of State (DOS) to become a lawful U.S. permanent resident. The purpose of this rule is to significantly reduce the length of time U.S. citizens are separated from their immediate relatives who are engaged in the consular processing of their Immigrant Visa abroad. It allows eligible applicants to apply for a provisional waiver while still in the U.S., thus reducing the financial and emotional hardship on these families. The provisional unlawful presence waiver enables an applicant to remain in the U.S. with his or her family until the time the applicant must depart the U.S. to attend his or her immigrant visa interview.

The Provisional Unlawful Presence Waiver process is available only to those individuals who:

  • Have no other grounds of inadmissibility, other than unlawful presence in the U.S.;
  • Are currently physically present in the U.S.; and,
  • Will be departing the U.S. for consular processing abroad. 


To be eligible for a provisional unlawful presence waiver you must fulfill ALL of the following conditions:

  • Be 17 years of age or older;
  • Be an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen (not a preference category immigrant who has a visa available). An immediate relative is a spouse, child or parent of a U.S. citizen;
  • Have an approved Form I-130––Petition for Alien Relative––or Form I-360––Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant;
  • Have a pending immigrant visa case with the DOS for the approved immediate relative petition and have paid the DOS immigrant visa processing fee;
  • Be able to demonstrate that refusal of your admission to the U.S. will cause extreme hardship to your U.S. citizen spouse or parent;
  • Be physically present in the U.S. to file your application for a provisional unlawful presence waiver and provide biometrics;
  • Not have been scheduled for an immigrant visa interview by DOS before January 3, 2013;
  • Meet all other requirements for the provisional unlawful presence waiver, as detailed in 8 CFR 212.7(e) and the Form I-601A and its instructions.